Armenian (eastern, classical) – ISO 9985 transliteration system

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Armenian (eastern, classical) virtual keyboard

The Armenian (eastern, classical) virtual keyboard allows you to enter characters with a click of your mouse. There’s no need to change your keyboard layout anymore. The transliteration of each supported character is displayed on the right side of the character. You can then directly transliterate your text from one script to the other according to the selected transliteration system.

Language overview

The Classical Armenian language, also known as grabar or krapar (գրաբար, or literary) belongs to the Indo-European family. Dead language used from 405 to the 11th century, it is the liturgical language of the Armenian Apostolic Church.

Transliteration system: ISO 9985

The international standard ISO 9985 from 1996 establishes a system for the transliteration into Latin characters of modern Armenian characters. Note that in this scheme, č (signifying չ) collides with the Hübschmann-Meillet transliteration (where it signifies ճ).
This system is recommended for international bibliographic text interchange (it is also the base of simplified romanizations found to localize the Armenian toponomy or for transliterating persons names), where it works very well with the common ISO 8859-2 Latin encoding used in Central Europe.

Other transliteration systems for Armenian (eastern, classical)

The other currently supported transliteration systems for Armenian (eastern, classical) are: BGN/PCGN, and Hübschmann-Meillet.


GRABAR. An Introduction to Classical Armenian GRABAR. An Introduction to Classical Armenian
by , editors Lincom GmbH (2012)

Armenian (eastern, classical) links

Other supported languages

The other supported languages are: Abkhaz, Adyghe, Altai, Armenian (western), Azerbaijani (Azeri), Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Carrier, Cherokee, Chuvash, Erzya, Georgian, Greek, Ingush, Inuktitut, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Moldovan, Old Church Slavonic, Ossetian, Russian, Serbian, Tamazight, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Vai, and Yakut.